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Saturday, 20 April 2013

C code to implement Binary Search Tree using Father Field

/* C program to implement binary search tree using father field */

#include <stdio.h>

/* Parent field=father field*/
struct st
{
    int data;
    struct st* lc;
    struct st* rc;
    struct st* parent;
};

struct st *root=NULL;
struct st * find_leftmost(struct st *);
struct st * find_succ(struct st *, struct st *);
struct st * insert(struct st *,int);

int main()
{
  struct st* temp, *succ;
  int ch,ele,n,i;
  clrscr();
  while(1)
    {
    printf("\n\t\tMENU\n\t1.To insert\n\t2.For inorder Traversal\n\t0.To exit\n\t");
    scanf("%d",&ch);

        switch(ch)
        {
         case 1:
            printf("\n\tEnter number of elements\n\t");
            scanf("%d",&n);
            printf("\n\tEnter %d numbers to be inserted \n\t: ",n);
            for(i=0;i<n;i++)
            {
            printf("\n\t");
            scanf("%d",&ele);
            root=insert(root,ele);
            }
           break;
         case 2:
         clrscr();
         printf("\n\tInorder traversal using Father field\n\t");
         temp=find_leftmost(root);
         printf("%d ",temp->data);
         a:
         succ=find_succ(root,temp);
         if(succ !=  NULL)
         {
            printf("%d ",succ->data);
            temp=succ;goto a;
         }
        break;
        case 0:
        getch();
        exit(0);
        default:printf("Wrong choice pleas enter valid option  ");
        }
    }
}

/* Creating binary search tree using parent field */

struct st* insert(struct st* root, int ele)
{
    struct st *temp;
    if (root== NULL)
    {
    struct st* root = (struct st*)
    malloc(sizeof(struct st));
    root->data   = ele;
    root->lc   = NULL;
    root->rc  = NULL;
    root->parent = NULL;
    return(root);
    }
  else
  {
    if (ele <= root->data)
    {
     temp = insert(root->lc, ele);
     root->lc  = temp;
     temp->parent= root;
    }
    else
    {
    temp = insert(root->rc, ele);
    root->rc = temp;
    temp->parent = root;
    }
       return root;
  }
}

/* Finding left most node */

struct st * find_leftmost(struct st* node) {
    struct st* current = node;
    while (current->lc != NULL) {
    current = current->lc;
  }
  return current;
}

/* Finding succeeder of the node  */

struct st * find_succ(struct st *root, struct st *n)
{
   struct st *p;
    if( n->rc != NULL )
    return find_leftmost(n->rc);
    p= n->parent;
   while(p != NULL && n == p->rc)
   {
     n = p;
     p = p->parent;
   }
  return p;
}

/* Output of Binary Search Tree using Father Field Program */

C code to implement Binary Search Tree using father field
Output of BST using Father Field

C code to implement Binary Search Tree using father field
Output of BST using Father Field

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